Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)
When the process of the solar damage and aging follows its course then we will find age spots in the face and hands which are nothing but the deposit of lipofuscin. Other signs of solar damage in combination with the age are the appearance of actinic keratosis which are plates or crusts which have a potential of becoming skin cancer.
Other signs of this same process is the appearance of redness in the nose and cheeks, as well as discoloration or irregularities in the pigmentation and also the appearance of big pores.
There are extreme cases where we already find superficial skin cancer and many actinic lesions (premalignant) where it is not feasible to remove such quantity of lesions with surgery, then the best choice is the Photodynamic which literally sweeps with all of them.
The Photodynamic therapy is performed along with Laser, Blue Light or Intense Light systems (depending on the case) and the topic application of ALA (aminolevulinic acid) whose commercial name is Levulan ®, to treat the damaged skin in the most subtle and intelligent manner. Once the Levulan ®, which is light sensible, is applied in the skin it activates with a specific Laser light and the damaged tissue absorbs the light energy and so it destroys itself leaving the healthy adjacent tissue intact. In this way the cellular renovation is done and the redness, rosacea, wrinkles, premalignant lesions, pigmentation problems as well as the cutaneous scars improve notably leaving a softer and healthier skin as well as a more juvenile look.
Most of the medical insurance companies include the Photodynamic therapy since it is a very effective treatment and not costly in comparison with the Surgery to treat actinic keratosis and superficial skin Cancer.